Solar in Australia: The Impact of the Solar Boom on the Country’s Electricity Sector
Right now, Australia is undergoing a solar renaissance. Industry leaders say that the solar energy capacity could double this year. While part of this increase is due to large solar farms, there was also a record-breaking number of rooftop installations in January.
Australia’s Solar Power Boom
In January, the country had its best January ever for rooftop installations. During this month, the country gained an additional 111 megawatts of power from the installations. Compared to the previous year, Australia had a 69 percent increase in installations.
The installations are driven by more than just a concern for the environment. Only 38.2 percent of Australians said that they would invest in solar panels to help the environment. The remaining 60.5 percent of survey respondents said that they wanted solar panels to reduce their power bill.
In addition to record-breaking rooftop installations, Australia is about to have 30 more solar farms. In just Queensland, there are an additional 18 industrial projects under construction. In 2017, New South Wales had double the number of solar farms approved as it did in 2016. New South Wales approved 10 solar farms last year. Part of this increase is due to how easy these large-scale projects are to create. These industrial farms can be constructed in just a few weeks. Many of the approved projects will be operational by 2019.
The large-scale projects could increase solar energy production by 2.5 to 3.5 gigawatts (GW) of power. Rooftop solar installations could add a total of 1.3 GW of power to the electrical grid in Australia. Currently, Australia has a solar capacity of 7 GW. Altogether, these projects could eventually double the country’s capacity for solar power.
In Queensland, solar panels on residential homes are the largest source of power. The added 10 solar farms in New South Wales will be reducing carbon emissions by an impressive 2.5 million metric tons. This is the equivalent to removing 800,000 cars from the roadways.
Part of the drive toward residential solar panels is due to the low installation costs. Residents who want to lower their electricity bill no longer have to spend a significant amount of money to set up solar power. In Queensland, almost a third of residential properties already have solar panels installed. This is the highest rate of installations in the entire country. Once all of the large-scale farms are created, about 17 percent of the state’s energy will be from solar panels.
The latest plant in New South Wales is in the Riverina. The Finley plant will have 170 megawatts (MW) of solar power. In Queensland, the Munna Creek solar farm will produce 120 MW. In addition to being a greener power source, solar energy can lower the country’s electricity bills. Out of every type of electricity generation type, solar is the cheapest way to create energy. When the cost of the solar panels is divided over 20 years, the average cost per kilowatt hour is just 25 percent of grid pricing.
Why Australians Are Turning to Solar Power
Australians cite cost savings as the biggest reason for installing solar panels. Across the country, residents in Queensland and South Australia were found to be the most likely to install solar panels as a way to save money. Meanwhile, Victorian residents were more likely to cite the environment as their motivating factor. Younger respondents were also more likely to cite the environment as the main reason for installing solar panels. Meanwhile, individuals over the age of 55 were the most likely to cite the cost savings as the biggest reason for using solar power.
Overall, the country added 1.25 GW of solar power in 2017. This was a record-setting year and shows a continued boom in the solar industry. In the next year, the trend is only expected to continue. Rooftop panels alone are forecasted to add 1.3 GW to the nation’s power grid this year.
SOURCE: The Energy Collective